55 Sites Diving in Indonesia – Underwater – Biodiversity – Enchanted Seas
The Indonesia archipelago is one of the largest archipelagos in the world. This fourth largest archipelago of the world is wedged between the Indian Ocean at the West and the Pacific Ocean at the East. Indonesia is considered to be the world’s best country for sea life. Located at the middle of the “Coral Triangle” that spans from the Philippines in the North all the way to the Australia in the south, with the island of Sumatra at the west and going all the way to the South Pacific, Indonesia has more diversity in marine life than anywhere else in the world.
Indonesia’s richness in marine life is evidenced by the diversity it has. About 20% of the world’s coral reefs from over 600 or so coral species can be found in Indonesian water. Along with the diversity in coral, Indonesia also has over 3,000 species of fish in its seas that has various landscapes such as deep trenches, volcanic sea mounts, shipwrecks from the time of World War II. All of this makes Indonesia a heaven for scuba divers.
Indonesia seas have an abundance of wondrous fish along with various other marine lifes you can enjoy during your dive here. There are plenty of destinations all throughout Indonesia that you can enjoy, ranging from encountering big fish that live in pelagic zone of the sea off the shore of Pulau Komodo, floating over the vividly wonderful coral fields in Raja Ampat to marveling at the huge amount of fish in Pulau Banda, Indonesia is never short of an amazement for divers.
If you are interested to diving in Indonesia, you can find diving packages that will suit your needs and budgets. If you are someone who wants to stay comfortably during your vacation and go for diving as one of the activity, then you can stay at the luxurious resort in Bali or Sulawesi. Your world-class dive sites will be just a few steps away from where you are staying. However, if you are more serious diver you may want to get on a diving cruise which will take you to the best diving destinations in Indonesia, including Raja Ampat and Pulau Komodo.
You may also visit: Places To Visit in Indonesia
With such a vast area and variety in the destinations, you will find it difficult to limit yourself to a few areas in Indonesia for your diving trips. However, we can recommend that these are the sites you definitely you have to visit during your dive in Indonesia:
1. Raja Ampat Diving
According to a scientific survey from Conservation International in the year 2006, the marine biodiversity in Raja Ampat area is greater than all other areas in the Coral Triangle. The currents here can be strong and therefore it is not recommended for absolute beginners. Recommended dive spots iin Raja Ampat diving Islands here are:
Kri Island where you can see a dense population of fish swimming below. In this small island, you can also find plenty of affordable homestays for your accommodation during your diving adventure. Alternatively, you can also stay at Kri Eco Resort, a resort with traditional Papua architecture built on the water.
South Penemu is a summit located south of Penemu Island. In the shallow of the pinnacle, you will see many anemones of various colors and soft corals covering this area. In the deeper part you can see giant trevallies, yellow-fin fusiliers and batfish.
Waigeo, one of the main island of the Raja Ampat archipelago. The island is also known by the name of Amberi and Waigiu and is the largest island among the 4 main islands. Waigeo has one of the most amazing numbers of marine life
Fabiacet is one of the island in Raja Ampat archipelago with reefs that boasts the plentiful and prolific fish.
Farondi is located about 20 kilometers East from Misool Island offers one of the many unique dives due to their landscape. Here you can see tunnels and caverns carved in brightly colored walls
You may also search: Raja Ampat Islands
2. Alor Island
Alor is a small island in Eastern part of Indonesia which is located off the shore of West Timor. This island is very remotely located but it is a world class dive site. The highlights here are superb varieties of large marine life as well as the plentiful of schools of fish.
On certain occasions, you may be able to spot sea mammals, like pilot whales and dolphins from aboard your dive boat. Alor is a destination you need to reach by getting on dive cruises and is more suitable for experienced divers as the sea currents are strong. Here are the Alor diving spots:
3. Bali Diving Spots
Besides being known for its culture and temples, Bali also offers plenty of dive sites with steep drop-offs, seagrass beds, and coral ridges. Bali is also home to the wreckage of USS Liberty, one of the most famous wrecks in the world, The sea around the island of Bali is filled with colorful marine life that will keep you coming year after year.
Towards the east of Bali is the strait of Lombok, where the deep sea trench first connects with the Asian continental shelf.
Dive sites in Bali includes:
Secret Bay is a dive spot not known by many scuba divers. Located offshore from Gilimanuk township where you will also find the ferry terminal that serves the crossing between Java to Bali.
4. Cendrawasih Bay
Here the main highlight is the presence of whale sharks with unique behavior. Normally whale sharks are individual creatures who mostly swim on their own. In Cendrawasih Bay however, you will see these sharks gathering below fishing platforms, taking a bit of the small fish that escape from fishing nets or discarded by fishermen. This behavior gives unique photographic moments for scuba divers to take picture of a few whale sharks of various size ranging from relatively small juvenile to massive adult male all gathering for the feed.
Aside from the whale sharks, divers here can also view the myriads of other sea creatures like tiger prawns and sea snakes. Cenderawasih Bay is also home to plenty of World War II wrecks. Many of these wrecks are rarely dived and it is possible that many of the wrecks remain yet to be discovered.
The highlighted dive sites here in Cendrawasih Bay are:
You may also visit:
5. Komodo Island Diving
Komodo island is one of the best diving in Indonesia as it has the most beautiful underwater view. The marine biodiversity in the waters around the island is astounding. You can see many species like manta rays, eagle rays, pygmy seahorses, clown fish, blue ringed octopus as well as the peculiarly shaped sunfish here.
The dive spots that is popular around Pulau Komodo are:
You may also search: Komodo Island
6. Bunaken Diving
Bunaken in the Indonesian island of Sulawesi is well known for the species of coral as well as fish. Here in Bunaken you can find over 70% of all fish species known in the Indo-Pacific region. The currents from the ocean that passed through Bunaken bring a steady supply of nutrients. This ascertains the abundance of food in the sea, which in turns mean there are plentiful of marine life in the sea. Here you can see the rich biodiversity Bunaken has, ranging from small shrimps to black tipped reef sharks as well as the eagle rays. The richness in marine life of this area surely will bring you most unforgettable experience as you will surely see a marine life you have never encountered elsewhere. The most famous discovery in Bunaken area happened in 1997 when coelacanth was found living in lava tubes of Manado Tua. Considered extinct long ago, this discovery brought Bunaken to the attention of the world. Sea mammals like dugong can also be seen feeding on sea grass on the southern part of Bunaken and sperm whale on their migratory path to Sangihe Archipelago.
Most notable Bunaken diving sites here are:
7. Sumbawa Island
Strategically wedged between Lombok to the west and Pulau Komodo to the east, Sumbawa is often just considered as a convenient port of call by dive cruises on their way to better dive destinations to the east.
As a result, Sumbawa island Indonesia is still untouchable among the international tourists. So, Sumbawa island seas are also beautiful with the natural amazing view. The known dive sites here include:
8. Wakatobi Diving
The reefs in Wakatobi is unique from elsewhere as they are fossilized. The environment is extremely clean as there is very few soil erosion. Wakatobi is a national park, which means fishing is strictly limited and the reefs here are protected making it a paradise for scuba divers.
Thus, Wakatobi diving has been the most popular and favorite tourist attraction in Indonesia. The clear blue water and underwater views are the best to blow your mind.
The marvelous dive sites in Wakatobi dive resort here are:
More Enchanting Spots for Diving in Indonesia
Thus, Indonesia has so many beautiful seas for diving or another water spots, that is just so amazingly beautiful. As a result, here are more spots to diving in Indonesia.
Located in the Indonesian province of Maluku, about 140 kilometers south from Pulau Seram, Kepulauan Banda is a secluded group of islands with low population density, less fishing activity and a vibrant, natural and healthy reef ecosystem. All of these means that you can expect a dive into teeming marine life, Diving here will bring you to see two large sea creature that is worth mentioning, which is the dogtooth tuna and the Mobula rays, along with smaller creatures like mandarin fish as well as the rare scorpion fish
You may also visit: Things to Do in Aceh
The earthquakes and tsunami in 1992, along with the dynamite fishing practice has damaged the certain area around Flores, but the regeneration of the reefs is quick. The tsunami cleared the area and allows new corals to grow and flourish in what was considered as one of the best dive sites in Indonesia. So, won’t you come with me diving in Flores?
You may also visit Things to Do in Flores
Aside from Raja Ampat, Triton Bay is one of the areas in West Papua province of Indonesia that will surely fascinate you. Triton Bay shares the same topography and a wide range of the species you find in both regions are quite similar. Triton Bay diving is known for astonishing coverage of soft corals, much like Pulau Misool in Raja Ampat. Ere you can see epaulet sharks, groupers, parrotfish as well as sea turtles.
Off the northwestern tip of the island of Sulawesi is Lembeh Island, one of the best dive spots in the world for critter hunting and muck diving. This is also one of the best spots for night diving as you will surely encounter many strange and bizarre creature of the sea here. There are also some wrecks and reefs if you prefer a more traditional style of dive. This island is literally surrounded by dive sites. There are choices of over 30 dive sites, all located no further than 7 kilometers from your dive resort.
The Indonesian province of Maluku is an archipelago by itself with its provincial capital city bearing the same name and located on the island of Ambon. This island is famous for the rare Ambon scorpion fish that can be found quite frequently if you make a dive here. Another rare find that you can spot here is the Halimeda ghost pipefish. Unfortunately, due to the development of the city, the 8 kilometers width Ambon Bay is now only suitable for muck diving. Luckily the outer coastline of this island still boasts some of the most colorful and beautiful soft coral you will find with plentiful of reef fish. It certainly offers a refreshing break from the muck dive you have done in the bay.
In short, with so many diving destinations and the abundance of diving spots, we are certain that you will have a good time if you pick Indonesia as your destination for your diving in Indonesia adventure. So do not wait anymore, pack your mask, wet-suits, and fins and come to sunny Indonesia.
You may also want to read:
- Things to Do in Yogyakarta
- Things to Do in Solo
- Things to Do in Surabaya
- Top Places to Visit in Jakarta
- Things to Do in Nusa Penida
- Things to Do in Candidasa
- Things to Do in Seminyak Bali
- Things to Do in Amed Bali